Infrared coagulation (IRC) is a procedure used to treat hemorrhoids. During the procedure, the doctor will use a device that produces an infrared light to apply heat to the hemorrhoid. The heat causes the blood vessels in the hemorrhoid to coagulate (clot) and seal shut, which cuts off the blood supply to the hemorrhoid. This causes the hemorrhoid to shrink and eventually fall off.
The procedure is usually done in a doctor's office or clinic and takes only a few minutes. You will be given a local anesthetic to numb the area, but you should not need any sedation. After the procedure, you may experience some pain, bleeding or discharge for a few days.
This procedure is usually recommended for small to medium-sized hemorrhoids. It is a relatively quick and painless procedure and has a high success rate. However, it may not be suitable for everyone, so it is important to discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor before deciding if it is the right treatment for you.